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齿轮泵研究现状及适用范围

2018-12-30 08:37:06
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齿轮泵是液压传动系统中常用的液压元件,在结构上可分为外啮合齿轮泵和内啮合齿轮泵2大类。外啮合齿轮泵的优点是结构简单、尺寸小、重量轻、制造维护方便、价格低廉、工作可靠、自吸能力强、对油液污染不敏感等。缺点是齿轮承受不平衡的径向液压力,轴承磨损严重,工作压力的提高受到限制;流量脉动大,导致系统压力脉动大,噪声高。内啮合齿轮泵结构紧凑、尺寸小、重量轻,并且由于齿轮同向旋转,相对滑动速度小、磨损轻微、使用寿命长、流量脉动远比外啮合齿轮泵小,因而压力脉动和噪声都比较小。内啮合齿轮泵允许使用较高的转速,可获得较高的容积效率。但是内啮合齿轮泵同样存在着径向液压力不平衡的问题,限制了其工作压力的进一步提高。另外,齿轮泵的排量不可调节,在   程度上限制了其使用范围。

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